Hellenismo

The true roots of Europe
Le vere radici dell'Europa

July 29, 2014 6:28 pm
Ceres and Proserpina (detail) (by Ludwig Schwanthaler)

Ceres and Proserpina (detail) (by Ludwig Schwanthaler)

6:17 pm
Hope  (by Bertel Thorvaldson, 1859, Thorvaldsen Museum, Copenhagen)

Hope
(by Bertel Thorvaldson, 1859, Thorvaldsen Museum, Copenhagen)

3:54 pm
Τρίτη Ἱσταμένου- Τριτομηνίς, III day From today’s sunset: third day of Metageitnion. From today’s sunset, it is Τριτομηνίς, the third of the month and sacred to Athena, as the symbolic day of Her birthday. In this day, Athena Tritogeneia is also identified with Selene. A public festival was held each month during this day to honor the Goddess. It is sacred also to the Charites. (Birth of Athena, detail: Zeus, Athena and Apollo. From Attica, 550-540 BC. now in the Penn Museum…)

Τρίτη Ἱσταμένου- Τριτομηνίς, III day
From today’s sunset: third day of Metageitnion.
From today’s sunset, it is Τριτομηνίς, the third of the month and sacred to Athena, as the symbolic day of Her birthday. In this day, Athena Tritogeneia is also identified with Selene. A public festival was held each month during this day to honor the Goddess. It is sacred also to the Charites.

(Birth of Athena, detail: Zeus, Athena and Apollo. From Attica, 550-540 BC. now in the Penn Museum…)

2:47 pm
Gold Diadem, detail of Eros.  Macedon 300BC. Thessalonica Archaeological Museum

Gold Diadem, detail of Eros.
Macedon 300BC. Thessalonica Archaeological Museum

10:16 am
"the essence of our religion", the sacred initiations… “Blessed is he who, being fortunate and knowing the initiatory rites (τελετὰς θεῶν) of the Gods, keeps his life pure and has his soul initiated into the Bacchic revels, dancing in inspired frenzy over the mountains with holy purifications, and who, revering the mysteries of great mother Kybele, brandishing the thyrsos, garlanded with ivy, serves Dionysus.” (Eur. Bacchae 72-74) [Altar from Phlya (Chalandri), 360/370 CE. Group of Iacchus, Demeter, Rhea and Kore. Athens, National Archaeological Museum]

"the essence of our religion", the sacred initiations…
“Blessed is he who, being fortunate and knowing the initiatory rites (τελετὰς θεῶν) of the Gods, keeps his life pure and has his soul initiated into the Bacchic revels, dancing in inspired frenzy over the mountains with holy purifications, and who, revering the mysteries of great mother Kybele, brandishing the thyrsos, garlanded with ivy, serves Dionysus.” (Eur. Bacchae 72-74)
[Altar from Phlya (Chalandri), 360/370 CE. Group of Iacchus, Demeter, Rhea and Kore. Athens, National Archaeological Museum]

July 28, 2014 4:09 pm
Δευτέρα Ἱσταμένου, II day From today’s sunset: second day of Metageitnion. The second day is always sacred to the Agathos Daimon, to all the Heroes and Heroines and to the Chthonian Deities. It is also a day sacred to Poseidon. “Rejoice with me, You who are set over the East Wind and the World, for whom all the Gods serve as Body-Guards at Your Good Hour and on Your Good Day, You who are the Agathos Daimon of the World, the Crown of the Inhabited World, You who arise from the Abyss, You who Each Day rise a Young Man and set an Old Man…” From PGM 36.211 “Give me every grace, all accomplishment, for the messenger bringing good, who stands beside Tyche, is with You. Therefore give Thou means and accomplishment to this house, Thou who rulest over hope, wealth-giving Aion, holy Good Daimon. Bring to accomplishment and incline to me all the graces and divine utterances.” PGM IV. 3125-71 (Gold granulated Crescent Moon pendant with two Serpents; 2CE, Ashmolean Museum…)

Δευτέρα Ἱσταμένου, II day
From today’s sunset: second day of Metageitnion.
The second day is always sacred to the Agathos Daimon, to all the Heroes and Heroines and to the Chthonian Deities. It is also a day sacred to Poseidon.

“Rejoice with me, You who are set over the East Wind and the World, for whom all the Gods serve as Body-Guards at Your Good Hour and on Your Good Day, You who are the Agathos Daimon of the World, the Crown of the Inhabited World, You who arise from the Abyss, You who Each Day rise a Young Man and set an Old Man…”
From PGM 36.211

“Give me every grace, all accomplishment, for the messenger bringing good, who stands beside Tyche, is with You. Therefore give Thou means and accomplishment to this house, Thou who rulest over hope, wealth-giving Aion, holy Good Daimon. Bring to accomplishment and incline to me all the graces and divine utterances.”
PGM IV. 3125-71

(Gold granulated Crescent Moon pendant with two Serpents; 2CE, Ashmolean Museum…)

3:39 pm
Teologia Platonica- Libro VI, capitoli 15 - 24

Libro VI, capitolo 15
“Quale è il genere hypercosmico-encosmico degli Dei, e come, attraverso il loro livello intermedio, preservano la continuità degli Dei che sono proceduti a partire dal Demiurgo.”

Libro VI, capitolo 16
“Quale è la proprietà specifica degli Dei non-vincolati, in base alla quale essi sono caratterizzati; e come, in base a questa proprietà, ad un tempo trascendono il Tutto e sono coordinati agli Dei Encosmici.”

Libro VI, capitolo 17
“Quali sono le potenze comuni, quali le attività comuni degli Dei non-vincolati, le quali sono in accordo con quanto è stato tramandato sulla loro essenza.”

Libro VI, capitolo 18
“Circa i dodici Dei sovrani nel Fedro, sul fatto che occupano un ordinamento non-vincolato.”

Libro VI, capitolo 19
“Più numerose e più chiare dimostrazioni del fatto che sia il grande Zeus sovrano sia la dodecade degli Dei sovrani sono non-vincolati.”

Libro VI, capitolo 20
“Da dove viene il numero della dodecade negli Dei non-vincolati, dimostrazione a partire dai principi causali antecedenti.”

Libro VI, capitolo 21
“Quale è la divisione in due Monadi ed una Decade degli Dei sovrani non-vincolati e quale è il loro carattere specifico.”

Libro VI, capitolo 22
“Dottrina teologica su ciascuno dei dodici Dei, la quale rivela le loro specifiche proprietà a partire dalle entità che sono da essi governate.”

Libro VI, capitolo 23
“Sulla madre delle Moire nella Repubblica e sulla triade stessa delle Moire, quale ordine hanno tra loro, quali sono le potenze che sono tramandate attraverso i simboli divini, quali le attività, e come Platone connota il loro carattere specifico non vincolato.”

Libro VI, capitolo 24
“Come Parmenide ha concluso il discorso sugli Dei non-vincolati subito dopo gli Dei assimilatori, e come ha caratterizzato la proprietà specifica del loro ordinamento attraverso il carattere dell’ “essere connesso” e dell’ “essere separato”. “

3:37 pm
Eros and Psyche (Fresco from Pompeii, ‘Casa di Terenzio Neo’, now in the archaeological museum of Naples)

Eros and Psyche
(Fresco from Pompeii, ‘Casa di Terenzio Neo’, now in the archaeological museum of Naples)

July 27, 2014 4:31 pm
Νουμηνία, I day. From today’s sunset: beginning of the new month of Metageitnion, sacred to Demeter and Apollo. Happy Noumenia to you all, best wishes!!! Noumenia is a day sacred to all the Gods- in particular to Apollo Noumenios, Zeus, Helios, Hecate, Artemis Noumenia, Hera, Hermes, and to all the Household Gods. Sacrifices, purifications, libations, banquets and singing of hymns are some among the distinctive features of the first day of the lunar month. Banquet of Noumeniastai; Epimenia. Principal Celebrations of the Month: - VII day- Ἑβδόμη Ἱσταμένου: Metageitnia; offerings to Apollo Patroos, Leto, Artemis and Athena Agelaa (calendar of the Salaminioi) - X day- Δεκάτη Ἱσταμένου/ Δεκάτη Προτέρα: Herakleia/Diomeia Kynosargous - XI day- Ἑνδεκάτη/ Πρώτη Μεσοῦντος: Theoria for the Nemeia, sacrifice to Zeus Nemeios - XII day- Δωδεκάτη/ Δευτέρα Μεσοῦντος/ Δυοκαιδεκάτη: honors to Apollo Lykeios, Zeus Polieus and Athena Polias (in the City and in Eleusis); sacrifice to Demeter and Kore in the Eleusinion - XV day- Πέμπτη Μεσοῦντος/ Πέμπτη ἐπὶ δέκα: Agones Eleusinia (Megala) Private sacrifice to the Two Goddesses - XVI day- Ἕκτη Μεσοῦντος/ Ἕκτη ἐπὶ δέκα: Agones Eleusinia Sacrifices to the Goddess Kourotrophos and to Artemis Hecate (Erchia) - XVII day- Ἑβδόμη Μεσοῦντος/ Ἑβδóμη ἐπὶ δέκα: Agones Eleusinia - XVIII day- Ὀγδόη Μεσοῦντος/ Ὀγδόη ἐπὶ δέκα: Agones Eleusinia - XIX day- Ἐνάτη Μεσοῦντος/ Ἐνάτη ἐπὶ δέκα: sacrifices to the Heroines (Erchia) - XX day- Εἰκοστή/ Εἰκὰς: sacrifices to Hera Thelchina (Erchia) - XXV day- Ἕκτη Φθίνοντος/ Ἕκτη μετ’εἰκάδας: sacrifice to Zeus Epoptes (Erchia) (Triple statue of Hecate (or Diana), 161-200 (circa), from Lazio, now in the British Museum…)

Νουμηνία, I day.
From today’s sunset: beginning of the new month of Metageitnion, sacred to Demeter and Apollo. Happy Noumenia to you all, best wishes!!!

Noumenia is a day sacred to all the Gods- in particular to Apollo Noumenios, Zeus, Helios, Hecate, Artemis Noumenia, Hera, Hermes, and to all the Household Gods.
Sacrifices, purifications, libations, banquets and singing of hymns are some among the distinctive features of the first day of the lunar month.
Banquet of Noumeniastai;
Epimenia.

Principal Celebrations of the Month:
- VII day- Ἑβδόμη Ἱσταμένου: Metageitnia;
offerings to Apollo Patroos, Leto, Artemis and Athena Agelaa (calendar of the Salaminioi)
- X day- Δεκάτη Ἱσταμένου/ Δεκάτη Προτέρα: Herakleia/Diomeia Kynosargous
- XI day- Ἑνδεκάτη/ Πρώτη Μεσοῦντος: Theoria for the Nemeia, sacrifice to Zeus Nemeios
- XII day- Δωδεκάτη/ Δευτέρα Μεσοῦντος/ Δυοκαιδεκάτη: honors to Apollo Lykeios, Zeus Polieus and Athena Polias (in the City and in Eleusis);
sacrifice to Demeter and Kore in the Eleusinion
- XV day- Πέμπτη Μεσοῦντος/ Πέμπτη ἐπὶ δέκα: Agones Eleusinia (Megala)
Private sacrifice to the Two Goddesses
- XVI day- Ἕκτη Μεσοῦντος/ Ἕκτη ἐπὶ δέκα: Agones Eleusinia
Sacrifices to the Goddess Kourotrophos and to Artemis Hecate (Erchia)
- XVII day- Ἑβδόμη Μεσοῦντος/ Ἑβδóμη ἐπὶ δέκα: Agones Eleusinia
- XVIII day- Ὀγδόη Μεσοῦντος/ Ὀγδόη ἐπὶ δέκα: Agones Eleusinia
- XIX day- Ἐνάτη Μεσοῦντος/ Ἐνάτη ἐπὶ δέκα: sacrifices to the Heroines (Erchia)
- XX day- Εἰκοστή/ Εἰκὰς: sacrifices to Hera Thelchina (Erchia)
- XXV day- Ἕκτη Φθίνοντος/ Ἕκτη μετ’εἰκάδας: sacrifice to Zeus Epoptes (Erchia)

(Triple statue of Hecate (or Diana), 161-200 (circa), from Lazio, now in the British Museum…)

July 26, 2014 3:34 pm
Wooden image of Aphrodite between female figure and Eros. (Found in Piraeus, 380-370 B.C. National Archaeological Museum of Athens)

Wooden image of Aphrodite between female figure and Eros. (Found in Piraeus, 380-370 B.C. National Archaeological Museum of Athens)