Hellenismo

The true roots of Europe
Le vere radici dell'Europa

July 24, 2014 4:53 pm 4:51 pm
Τετρὰς Φθίνοντος/ Τετρὰς μετ’εἰκάδας, XXVII day From today’s sunset: twenty-seventh day (fourth waning of the third decade) of Hekatombaion. Ta Panathenaia (Mikra, annual festivity) in honor of the Queen of Athens, Athena Tritogenia! First day, dedicated to the Evandria, the equestrian contests and the Pyrrhic dance. “The Festival of the Panathenaia is the good order that descends from the Intellect in the cosmos and the separation that prevents the cosmic opposites from mixing: because Athena is at the same time ‘friend of wisdom and friend of war’.” (Proklos, in Tim. 85, 10) “Because, as the creative action of Athena is two-fold, total and partial, hypercosmic and encosmic, relative to the Intelligible and to the Sensible (material), the Parmenides (the Platonic dialogue) corresponds to the transcendent creations of the Goddess, because it reveals the intelligible series of the Gods, and the Timaeus (corresponds) to Her lower creations, because it exposes the influences of the Gods of the cosmos.” (Proklos, in Tim. 87,9) “The Mikra Panathenaia worship in a peculiar way the encosmic operation of the Goddess, which is coordinated to the period of Selene.” (Proklos, in Parm 1, 16) “Athena is the one that elevates the soul, the Leader of the Intellect and authentic wisdom , and it is She who reigns more on the celestial sphere and from above accomplishes the sublunary order … The Panathenaia would be appropriate to the second and third meeting (of the Platonic dialogues), which represent the soul that turns to herself and, withdrawing her life from the inferior dimension, closely links her to her own intellect and instead of ordering what is not like herself, remains with what is similar to her and has part of thoughts and events that suit to happy viewers … the ancestral cult -as that of Panathenaia-he puts it as suitable for that soul that turns to the costumes that are proper to her and lives intellectually, and in a way that is compliant ‘with her kindred star’ as Timaeus says. Those are the real costumes of the homeland for the souls, and for this reason our homeland is there, as it is indicated by our demiurgic seed.”(Proklos, in RP. Dissertation I) *** “Take care to avoid troubles which eat out the heart on the fourth of the beginning and ending of the month; it is a sacred day: especially during these sacred days it is convenient to get rid of all the activities that make you suffer, which, if at other times you need to choose them as necessary, in these days you should not.” “Few know that the fourth day after the twenty of the month (τὴν μετ’εἰκαδα τοῦ μηνὸς τετάρτην) is the best day… He (Hesiod) eulogizes all the tetrads, the first, the second and the third…about the third tetrad, he says that few are those who know that it is better during the morning’s hours.”- that is, tomorrow morning from the dawn. Scholia Erga, 797, 820 (Detail of Athena, from a Panathenaic amphora- from Athens, 363 - 362 B.C. now in the Getty Museum…)

Τετρὰς Φθίνοντος/ Τετρὰς μετ’εἰκάδας, XXVII day
From today’s sunset: twenty-seventh day (fourth waning of the third decade) of Hekatombaion.

Ta Panathenaia (Mikra, annual festivity) in honor of the Queen of Athens, Athena Tritogenia!

First day, dedicated to the Evandria, the equestrian contests and the Pyrrhic dance.

“The Festival of the Panathenaia is the good order that descends from the Intellect in the cosmos and the separation that prevents the cosmic opposites from mixing: because Athena is at the same time ‘friend of wisdom and friend of war’.” (Proklos, in Tim. 85, 10)
“Because, as the creative action of Athena is two-fold, total and partial, hypercosmic and encosmic, relative to the Intelligible and to the Sensible (material), the Parmenides (the Platonic dialogue) corresponds to the transcendent creations of the Goddess, because it reveals the intelligible series of the Gods, and the Timaeus (corresponds) to Her lower creations, because it exposes the influences of the Gods of the cosmos.” (Proklos, in Tim. 87,9)
“The Mikra Panathenaia worship in a peculiar way the encosmic operation of the Goddess, which is coordinated to the period of Selene.” (Proklos, in Parm 1, 16)
“Athena is the one that elevates the soul, the Leader of the Intellect and authentic wisdom , and it is She who reigns more on the celestial sphere and from above accomplishes the sublunary order … The Panathenaia would be appropriate to the second and third meeting (of the Platonic dialogues), which represent the soul that turns to herself and, withdrawing her life from the inferior dimension, closely links her to her own intellect and instead of ordering what is not like herself, remains with what is similar to her and has part of thoughts and events that suit to happy viewers … the ancestral cult -as that of Panathenaia-he puts it as suitable for that soul that turns to the costumes that are proper to her and lives intellectually, and in a way that is compliant ‘with her kindred star’ as Timaeus says. Those are the real costumes of the homeland for the souls, and for this reason our homeland is there, as it is indicated by our demiurgic seed.”(Proklos, in RP. Dissertation I)

***

“Take care to avoid troubles which eat out the heart on the fourth of the beginning and ending of the month; it is a sacred day: especially during these sacred days it is convenient to get rid of all the activities that make you suffer, which, if at other times you need to choose them as necessary, in these days you should not.”

“Few know that the fourth day after the twenty of the month (τὴν μετ’εἰκαδα τοῦ μηνὸς τετάρτην) is the best day… He (Hesiod) eulogizes all the tetrads, the first, the second and the third…about the third tetrad, he says that few are those who know that it is better during the morning’s hours.”- that is, tomorrow morning from the dawn.
Scholia Erga, 797, 820

(Detail of Athena, from a Panathenaic amphora- from Athens, 363 - 362 B.C. now in the Getty Museum…)

July 23, 2014 3:43 pm
Aphrodite riding a goose (detail) circa 480 BC, found in Kameiros (Rhodes)

Aphrodite riding a goose (detail)
circa 480 BC, found in Kameiros (Rhodes)

3:36 pm
Πέμπτη Φθίνοντος/ Πέμπτη μετ’εἰκάδας, XXVI day From today’s sunset: twenty-sixth (fifth waning of the third decade) day of Hekatombaion. “Shun the fifth days: i.e. the lunar days. We have heard from the Pythagoreans that the number five is number of Dike, and among them are told the causes of this..as She punishes all those who stray from the divine law, as told by Plato (Laws IV, 716a).” Scholia to Hesiod, Erga, 802-804 (red jasper gem engraved with a winged draped Nemesis holding a branch; before Her is a large serpent; I-III CE, now in the British Museum…) .

Πέμπτη Φθίνοντος/ Πέμπτη μετ’εἰκάδας, XXVI day
From today’s sunset: twenty-sixth (fifth waning of the third decade) day of Hekatombaion.

“Shun the fifth days: i.e. the lunar days. We have heard from the Pythagoreans that the number five is number of Dike, and among them are told the causes of this..as She punishes all those who stray from the divine law, as told by Plato (Laws IV, 716a).”
Scholia to Hesiod, Erga, 802-804

(red jasper gem engraved with a winged draped Nemesis holding a branch; before Her is a large serpent; I-III CE, now in the British Museum…)
.

July 22, 2014 3:21 pm
Ἕκτη Φθίνοντος/ Ἕκτη μετ’εἰκάδας, XXV day From today’s sunset: twenty-fifth day of Hekatombaion. Since for today there are no other religious prescriptions, apart from the daily ones, we honor Ares in His sacred day. (Gigantomachy detail: Ares (and Aphrodite behind Him) aiming spear downward, and Eros aiming His bow; from Melos, ca. 400 BC - ca. 390 BC. now in the Louvre…)

Ἕκτη Φθίνοντος/ Ἕκτη μετ’εἰκάδας, XXV day
From today’s sunset: twenty-fifth day of Hekatombaion.
Since for today there are no other religious prescriptions, apart from the daily ones, we honor Ares in His sacred day.

(Gigantomachy detail: Ares (and Aphrodite behind Him) aiming spear downward, and Eros aiming His bow; from Melos, ca. 400 BC - ca. 390 BC. now in the Louvre…)

July 21, 2014 4:19 pm
"Persephone picking flowers" (Statue ordered by Duke of Aumale, for the northern flower bed of the park of the Château de Chantilly, between 1884 and 1886)

"Persephone picking flowers"
(Statue ordered by Duke of Aumale, for the northern flower bed of the park of the Château de Chantilly, between 1884 and 1886)

3:57 pm
Eros in between a seated draped female and a standing male, both facing inward; Eros standing in a laver, his wings outstretched, holding a wreath in his extended left hand, the male to the right holding a frond, leaning on a staff, the female to the left holding a mirror behind her, offering an egg to Eros, her bent elbow resting on the basin. (Apulian lebes gamikos, circa 370 BCE. A.D.  Trendall and A. Cambitoglou, “The Red-Figured Vases of Apulia”, Vol. II, Oxford, 1982, p. 1044, no. 155a)

Eros in between a seated draped female and a standing male, both facing inward; Eros standing in a laver, his wings outstretched, holding a wreath in his extended left hand, the male to the right holding a frond, leaning on a staff, the female to the left holding a mirror behind her, offering an egg to Eros, her bent elbow resting on the basin.

(Apulian lebes gamikos, circa 370 BCE. A.D.
Trendall and A. Cambitoglou, “The Red-Figured Vases of Apulia”, Vol. II, Oxford, 1982, p. 1044, no. 155a)

3:47 pm
Ἑβδόμη Φθίνοντος/ Ἑβδόμη μετ’εἰκάδας, XXIV day From today’s sunset: twenty-fourth day of Hekatombaion. Since for today there are no other religious prescriptions, apart from the daily ones, we honor Selene in Her sacred day. (Mosaic depicting Selene driving the bull-drawn biga, raising a lit torch that illuminates the sleeping Endymion, draped only in a mantle, his shepherd’s crook in his right hand, with the winged erote Pothosin the upper right corner. III CE, on sale…)

Ἑβδόμη Φθίνοντος/ Ἑβδόμη μετ’εἰκάδας, XXIV day
From today’s sunset: twenty-fourth day of Hekatombaion.
Since for today there are no other religious prescriptions, apart from the daily ones, we honor Selene in Her sacred day.

(Mosaic depicting Selene driving the bull-drawn biga, raising a lit torch that illuminates the sleeping Endymion, draped only in a mantle, his shepherd’s crook in his right hand, with the winged erote Pothosin the upper right corner. III CE, on sale…)

July 20, 2014 3:35 pm
Ὀγδόη Φθίνοντος/ Ὀγδόη μετ’εἰκάδας, XXIII day From today’s sunset: twenty-third day of Hekatombaion. Since for today there are no other religious prescriptions, apart from the daily ones, we honor Helios in His sacred day. (Bronze statuette of Helios; about 150–190 CE. Now in the Boston Museum…)

Ὀγδόη Φθίνοντος/ Ὀγδόη μετ’εἰκάδας, XXIII day
From today’s sunset: twenty-third day of Hekatombaion.
Since for today there are no other religious prescriptions, apart from the daily ones, we honor Helios in His sacred day.

(Bronze statuette of Helios; about 150–190 CE. Now in the Boston Museum…)

July 19, 2014 3:44 pm
Ἐνάτη Φθίνοντος/ Ἐνάτη μετ’εἰκάδας, XXII day From today’s sunset: twenty-second day of Hekatombaion. The twenty-second day is always sacred to Athena. (On the left, on a level considerably above the ground-level of the scene, Athena is seated en face, leaning forward with her right elbow resting on her right knee, and her chin resting on the bent fingers of the hand; in her left she holds upright a long spear, the butt of which rests on the natural ground-level, far below her feet; there is no indication of her seat, except that her aegis is spread for her to sit on. On the right a woman stands in three-quarter face to the left, looking at Athena, supporting her chin on her right hand exactly as Athena, but with the right elbow resting on the back of the left hand, which rests on her right side. From Attica, 450-440BC. now in the British Museum…)

Ἐνάτη Φθίνοντος/ Ἐνάτη μετ’εἰκάδας, XXII day
From today’s sunset: twenty-second day of Hekatombaion.
The twenty-second day is always sacred to Athena.

(On the left, on a level considerably above the ground-level of the scene, Athena is seated en face, leaning forward with her right elbow resting on her right knee, and her chin resting on the bent fingers of the hand; in her left she holds upright a long spear, the butt of which rests on the natural ground-level, far below her feet; there is no indication of her seat, except that her aegis is spread for her to sit on. On the right a woman stands in three-quarter face to the left, looking at Athena, supporting her chin on her right hand exactly as Athena, but with the right elbow resting on the back of the left hand, which rests on her right side. From Attica, 450-440BC. now in the British Museum…)