Hellenismo

The true roots of Europe
Le vere radici dell'Europa

April 18, 2014 4:10 pm
Ἐνάτη Μεσοῦντος/ Ἐνάτη ἐπὶ δέκα / Ἐννεακαιδεκάτη, XIX dayFrom today’s sunset: nineteenth day of Mounychion.The nineteenth is always dedicated to purifications and apotropaic rites.Olympia Athenon, Olympieia: “It was the nineteenth day of the month Mounychion, and the horsemen conducting the procession in honour of Zeus were passing by the prison. Some of them took off their garlands, and others gazed at the door of the prison with tears in their eyes. And it was thought by all those whose souls were not wholly savage and debauched by rage and jealousy, that an impious thing had been done in not waiting over that day, and so keeping the city pure from a public execution when it was holding festival.” (Plut. Phoc. 37.1)"Games of Zeus", equestrian and athletic (added later by Emperor Hadrian to celebrate the completion of the Temple) competitions.Anthippasia, main contest at the Olympieia (cfr. IG II² 3079)"When the Hippodrome is the scene of the display, the right plan would be that the men should first be drawn up on a front broad enough to fill the Hippodrome with horses and drive out the people standing there. In the sham fight when the regiments pursue and fly from one another at the gallop in two squadrons of five regiments, each side led by its commander, the regiments should ride through one another. How formidable they will look when they charge front to front; how imposing when, after sweeping across the Hippodrome, they stand facing one another again; how splendid, when the trumpet sounds and they charge once more at a quicker pace! After the halt, the trumpet should sound once more, and they should charge yet a third time at top speed; and when they have crossed, they should all range themselves in battle line preparatory to being dismissed, and ride up to the Council, just as you are accustomed to do."(Xen. Cav. 3.10-12)(Horseman with birds and a winged figure, perhaps Nike. Lakonian black-figured kylix, ca. 550–530 BC. Now in the British Museum..)

Ἐνάτη Μεσοῦντος/ Ἐνάτη ἐπὶ δέκα / Ἐννεακαιδεκάτη, XIX day

From today’s sunset: nineteenth day of Mounychion.
The nineteenth is always dedicated to purifications and apotropaic rites.

Olympia Athenon, Olympieia: “It was the nineteenth day of the month Mounychion, and the horsemen conducting the procession in honour of Zeus were passing by the prison. Some of them took off their garlands, and others gazed at the door of the prison with tears in their eyes. And it was thought by all those whose souls were not wholly savage and debauched by rage and jealousy, that an impious thing had been done in not waiting over that day, and so keeping the city pure from a public execution when it was holding festival.” (Plut. Phoc. 37.1)
"Games of Zeus", equestrian and athletic (added later by Emperor Hadrian to celebrate the completion of the Temple) competitions.

Anthippasia, main contest at the Olympieia (cfr. IG II² 3079)
"When the Hippodrome is the scene of the display, the right plan would be that the men should first be drawn up on a front broad enough to fill the Hippodrome with horses and drive out the people standing there. In the sham fight when the regiments pursue and fly from one another at the gallop in two squadrons of five regiments, each side led by its commander, the regiments should ride through one another. How formidable they will look when they charge front to front; how imposing when, after sweeping across the Hippodrome, they stand facing one another again; how splendid, when the trumpet sounds and they charge once more at a quicker pace! After the halt, the trumpet should sound once more, and they should charge yet a third time at top speed; and when they have crossed, they should all range themselves in battle line preparatory to being dismissed, and ride up to the Council, just as you are accustomed to do."
(Xen. Cav. 3.10-12)

(Horseman with birds and a winged figure, perhaps Nike. Lakonian black-figured kylix, ca. 550–530 BC. Now in the British Museum..)

April 17, 2014 1:35 pm
Ὀγδόη Μεσοῦντος/ Ὀγδόη ἐπὶ δέκα / Όκτωκαιδεκάτη, XVIII dayFrom today’s sunset: eighteenth day of Mounychion.The eighteenth day is always dedicated to purifications and apotropaic rites."The traditional laws of the Athenians have attributed the eighteenth as well as the nineteenth to the lustral and apotropaic rituals, as told by Philochorus and <***>, both interpreters of the uses of their Ancestors. So, perhaps for this reason, Hesiod says that this day is sacred, and especially after noon, because this part of the day is suitable for the purifications…"Scholia Erga, 810Offering to Eurysakes (Sacrificial Calendar of the Salaminioi)(Ritual scene between a laver and an altar; hydria from Campania, 350 - 340 BCE; now in the Staatliche Museum in Dresden, Germany…)

Ὀγδόη Μεσοῦντος/ Ὀγδόη ἐπὶ δέκα / Όκτωκαιδεκάτη, XVIII day

From today’s sunset: eighteenth day of Mounychion.
The eighteenth day is always dedicated to purifications and apotropaic rites.

"The traditional laws of the Athenians have attributed the eighteenth as well as the nineteenth to the lustral and apotropaic rituals, as told by Philochorus and <***>, both interpreters of the uses of their Ancestors. So, perhaps for this reason, Hesiod says that this day is sacred, and especially after noon, because this part of the day is suitable for the purifications…"
Scholia Erga, 810

Offering to Eurysakes (Sacrificial Calendar of the Salaminioi)

(Ritual scene between a laver and an altar; hydria from Campania, 350 - 340 BCE; now in the Staatliche Museum in Dresden, Germany…)

April 16, 2014 2:51 pm
Ἑβδόμη Μεσοῦντος/ Ἑβδóμη ἐπὶ δέκα / Ἑπτακαιδεκάτη, XVII dayFrom today&#8217;s sunset: seventeenth day of Mounychion.Meeting of the association of the Thiasotai. (IG II2, 1277)"Throw out Demeter&#8217;s holy grain upon the well-rolled threshing floor on the seventh of the mid-month. Let the woodman cut beams for house building and plenty of ships&#8217; timbers, such as are suitable for ships.&#8221;The scholia add: &#8220;If, as Orpheus says, the seventeenth day is dedicated to Ate, and therefore it is suitable for cutting the wood and for stripping the fruit from its coverings, also Hesiod, not without love for Muses, consecrated the day to these works.&#8221;Erga, 805-808(Artemis Bendis leaning on a herm of Pan. Greek, late Classical Period, 4th century B.C. now in the Boston Museum&#8230;)

Ἑβδόμη Μεσοῦντος/ Ἑβδóμη ἐπὶ δέκα / Ἑπτακαιδεκάτη, XVII day

From today’s sunset: seventeenth day of Mounychion.
Meeting of the association of the Thiasotai. (IG II2, 1277)

"Throw out Demeter’s holy grain upon the well-rolled threshing floor on the seventh of the mid-month. Let the woodman cut beams for house building and plenty of ships’ timbers, such as are suitable for ships.”

The scholia add: “If, as Orpheus says, the seventeenth day is dedicated to Ate, and therefore it is suitable for cutting the wood and for stripping the fruit from its coverings, also Hesiod, not without love for Muses, consecrated the day to these works.”
Erga, 805-808

(Artemis Bendis leaning on a herm of Pan. Greek, late Classical Period, 4th century B.C. now in the Boston Museum…)

April 15, 2014 4:01 pm
Ἕκτη Μεσοῦντος/ Ἕκτη ἐπὶ δέκα /Ἑκκαιδεκάτη, XVI dayFrom today&#8217;s sunset: sixteenth day of Mounychion. Festival of Artemis Mounychia, &#8220;Lady of the golden sword&#8221;, &#8220;Protectress of the harbor&#8221;: &#8220;The sixteenth of Munichion they dedicated to Artemis, for on that day the Goddess shone with full moon upon the Greeks as they were conquering at Salamis.&#8221; (Plut. De Gloria Athen. 7)"The amphiphôntes (cakes) are made in the month of Mounychion on the sixteenth, and they are brought into the temple of Artemis Mounychia. As to why their name is amphiphôntes, some [say that it is] because they are made at the time when the Sun and the Moon appear early over the earth; but Apollodorus [says that it is] because they fasten bundles of firewood to them when bringing them.&#8221; "The amphiphon was a kind of cheesecake consecrated to Artemis, having figures of lighted torches round it. Philemon, in his Beggar, or Woman of Rhodes, says-Artemis, mistress dear, I bring you nowThis amphiphon, and what is needed for holy libation.Diphilus also mentions it in his Hecate. Philochorus also mentions the fact of its being called amphiphon, and of its being brought into the temples of Artemis, and also to the crossroads, on the day when the moon is overtaken at its setting by the rising of the sun; and so the sky is doubly light (ἀμφίφως).&#8221; (Suidas, s. v. Ἀνάστατοι; Athen. 14. 645)"O Lady of Mounychia, Watcher of Harbours, hail, Lady of Pherae! Let none disparage Artemis. For Oeneus dishonoured Her altar and no pleasant struggles came upon his city. Nor let any content with Her in shooting of stags or in archery. For the son of Atreus vaunted him not that he suffered small requital. Neither let any woo the Maiden; for not Otus, nor Orion wooed Her to their own good. Nor let any shun the yearly dance; for not tearless to Hippo was her refusal to dance around the altar. Hail, great queen, and graciously greet my song."Callimachus Hymn to Artemis, 258(Votive offerings to Artemis Mounychia, from the Sanctuary of Artemis Mounychia. Archaeological Museum of Piraeus.)

Ἕκτη Μεσοῦντος/ Ἕκτη ἐπὶ δέκα /Ἑκκαιδεκάτη, XVI day

From today’s sunset: sixteenth day of Mounychion. Festival of Artemis Mounychia, “Lady of the golden sword”, “Protectress of the harbor”: “The sixteenth of Munichion they dedicated to Artemis, for on that day the Goddess shone with full moon upon the Greeks as they were conquering at Salamis.” (Plut. De Gloria Athen. 7)

"The amphiphôntes (cakes) are made in the month of Mounychion on the sixteenth, and they are brought into the temple of Artemis Mounychia. As to why their name is amphiphôntes, some [say that it is] because they are made at the time when the Sun and the Moon appear early over the earth; but Apollodorus [says that it is] because they fasten bundles of firewood to them when bringing them.” 

"The amphiphon was a kind of cheesecake consecrated to Artemis, having figures of lighted torches round it. Philemon, in his Beggar, or Woman of Rhodes, says-
Artemis, mistress dear, I bring you now
This amphiphon, and what is needed for holy libation.

Diphilus also mentions it in his Hecate. Philochorus also mentions the fact of its being called amphiphon, and of its being brought into the temples of Artemis, and also to the crossroads, on the day when the moon is overtaken at its setting by the rising of the sun; and so the sky is doubly light (ἀμφίφως).” 
(Suidas, s. v. Ἀνάστατοι; Athen. 14. 645)

"O Lady of Mounychia, Watcher of Harbours, hail, Lady of Pherae! Let none disparage Artemis. For Oeneus dishonoured Her altar and no pleasant struggles came upon his city. Nor let any content with Her in shooting of stags or in archery. For the son of Atreus vaunted him not that he suffered small requital. Neither let any woo the Maiden; for not Otus, nor Orion wooed Her to their own good. Nor let any shun the yearly dance; for not tearless to Hippo was her refusal to dance around the altar. Hail, great queen, and graciously greet my song."
Callimachus Hymn to Artemis, 258

(Votive offerings to Artemis Mounychia, from the Sanctuary of Artemis Mounychia. Archaeological Museum of Piraeus.)

April 14, 2014 3:07 pm
Πέμπτη Μεσοῦντος/ Πέμπτη ἐπὶ δέκα / Πεντεκαιδεκάτη, XV dayFrom today&#8217;s sunset: fifteenth day of Mounychion.The fifteenth of the month is always sacred to Athena."Shun the fifth days: i.e. the lunar days. Shun all the fifth days."(&#8220;Minerva of Arezzo&#8221;, a bronze Etruscan statue, presumably, made according to a Greek model attributed to Praxitele. From Arezzo, St. Lorenzo Church. Now in Florence, Museo Archeologico Etrusco)

Πέμπτη Μεσοῦντος/ Πέμπτη ἐπὶ δέκα / Πεντεκαιδεκάτη, XV day
From today’s sunset: fifteenth day of Mounychion.
The fifteenth of the month is always sacred to Athena.

"Shun the fifth days: i.e. the lunar days. Shun all the fifth days."

(“Minerva of Arezzo”, a bronze Etruscan statue, presumably, made according to a Greek model attributed to Praxitele. From Arezzo, St. Lorenzo Church. Now in Florence, Museo Archeologico Etrusco)

April 13, 2014 3:00 pm
Τετάρτη Μεσοῦντος/ Τετρὰς ἐπὶ δέκα/ Τεσσαρεκαιδεκάτη, XIV dayFrom today&#8217;s sunset: fourteenth day of Mounychion.The fourteenth day of each month is called &#8220;the most sacred&#8221; because &#8220;(Hesiod) praises the fourteenth day both as the day of the opening of the jars and as the best of all; in fact, the lunar light is rich..the moon reaches the middle of the total distance into which accomplishes her journey&#8230;since in the middle, in relation to the circle, perfection is found&#8230;&#8221;Scholia Erga, 819(Limestone relief depicting Helios, driving His heavenly quadriga. Royal Museums of Art and History, Brussels&#8230;)

Τετάρτη Μεσοῦντος/ Τετρὰς ἐπὶ δέκα/ Τεσσαρεκαιδεκάτη, XIV day
From today’s sunset: fourteenth day of Mounychion.

The fourteenth day of each month is called “the most sacred” because “(Hesiod) praises the fourteenth day both as the day of the opening of the jars and as the best of all; in fact, the lunar light is rich..the moon reaches the middle of the total distance into which accomplishes her journey…since in the middle, in relation to the circle, perfection is found…”
Scholia Erga, 819

(Limestone relief depicting Helios, driving His heavenly quadriga. Royal Museums of Art and History, Brussels…)

April 12, 2014 3:54 pm
Τρίτη Μεσοῦντος/ Τρισκαιδεκάτη/ Τρίτη ἐπὶ δέκα, XIII dayFrom today&#8217;s sunset: thirteenth day of Mounychion.(Kronos devouring a horse, Rhea seated near Him. Christie&#8217;s, London, Catalogue des pierres graves antiques de S.A. le Prince Stanislas Poniatowski ([1830?]-1833), 5, Cornelian)

Τρίτη Μεσοῦντος/ Τρισκαιδεκάτη/ Τρίτη ἐπὶ δέκα, XIII day
From today’s sunset: thirteenth day of Mounychion.

(Kronos devouring a horse, Rhea seated near Him. Christie’s, London, Catalogue des pierres graves antiques de S.A. le Prince Stanislas Poniatowski ([1830?]-1833), 5, Cornelian)

11:58 am
Teologia Platonica- Libro IV, capitoli 27- 39
April 11, 2014 4:03 pm
Δωδεκάτη/ Δευτέρα Μεσοῦντος/ Δυοκαιδεκάτη, XII dayFrom today&#8217;s sunset: twelfth day of Mounychion."Also the eleventh and twelfth are both excellent, alike for shearing sheep and for reaping the kindly fruits..""Of the numbers after the decade, the eleventh refers to the first element of the monad. Thus, (Hesiod) has praised this one too, as it has analogies with that (the monad), inviting to the shearing of the sheeps and to the reaping of the fruits of the earth&#8230;Both aim to take care of the body, the one to the food, the other to protection.&#8221;Schol. Erga, 774-776“the number twelve was dedicated by the ancients to the [mundane] Gods, and to the genera that are always suspended from them.” (Proclo, in Tim. III, p. 106)(Eros, stung by a bee, shows His wounded finger to Aphrodite. Christie&#8217;s, London, Catalogue des pierres graves antiques de S.A. le Prince Stanislas Poniatowski ([1830?]-1833), H 2876, inv 373, Amethyst)

Δωδεκάτη/ Δευτέρα Μεσοῦντος/ Δυοκαιδεκάτη, XII day
From today’s sunset: twelfth day of Mounychion.

"Also the eleventh and twelfth are both excellent, alike for shearing sheep and for reaping the kindly fruits.."
"Of the numbers after the decade, the eleventh refers to the first element of the monad. Thus, (Hesiod) has praised this one too, as it has analogies with that (the monad), inviting to the shearing of the sheeps and to the reaping of the fruits of the earth…Both aim to take care of the body, the one to the food, the other to protection.”
Schol. Erga, 774-776

“the number twelve was dedicated by the ancients to the [mundane] Gods, and to the genera that are always suspended from them.” (Proclo, in Tim. III, p. 106)

(Eros, stung by a bee, shows His wounded finger to Aphrodite. Christie’s, London, Catalogue des pierres graves antiques de S.A. le Prince Stanislas Poniatowski ([1830?]-1833), H 2876, inv 373, Amethyst)

April 10, 2014 3:33 pm
Ἑνδεκάτη/ Πρώτη Μεσοῦντος, XI dayFrom today&#8217;s sunset: eleventh day of Mounychion."Also the eleventh and twelfth are both excellent, alike for shearing sheep and for reaping the kindly fruits..""Of the numbers after the decade, the eleventh refers to the first element of the monad. Thus, (Hesiod) has praised this one too, as it has analogies with that (the monad), inviting to the shearing of the sheeps and to the reaping of the fruits of the earth&#8230;Both aim to take care of the body, the one to the food, the other to protection. They are typical of the eleventh day since this is the beginning of the third pentad, the one that most enhances the light of the moon&#8230;"Schol. Erga, 774-776(Europa and the Bull (Zeus), Greek statuette, 5th century BC, Staatliche Antikensammlungen, Munich&#8230;)

Ἑνδεκάτη/ Πρώτη Μεσοῦντος, XI day
From today’s sunset: eleventh day of Mounychion.

"Also the eleventh and twelfth are both excellent, alike for shearing sheep and for reaping the kindly fruits.."
"Of the numbers after the decade, the eleventh refers to the first element of the monad. Thus, (Hesiod) has praised this one too, as it has analogies with that (the monad), inviting to the shearing of the sheeps and to the reaping of the fruits of the earth…Both aim to take care of the body, the one to the food, the other to protection. They are typical of the eleventh day since this is the beginning of the third pentad, the one that most enhances the light of the moon…"
Schol. Erga, 774-776

(Europa and the Bull (Zeus), Greek statuette, 5th century BC, Staatliche Antikensammlungen, Munich…)