Δεκάτη Ἱσταμένου/ Δεκάτη Προτέρα, X day
From today’s sunset: tenth of Poseideon.
“The cosmos is, as we have seen, the only one of its kind and unique (i.e. a Monad); next we discover that it is necessary that there is the tangible and visible in it (i.e. a Dyad); next that since there is considerable separation between these things, some third thing is needed (in order to bring them together); next we find out that the middle term involves two forms, and thus we arrive at the Tetrad. This was therefore what the Pythagorean hymn to number said as well: ‘that it proceeds from the inviolate abyss of the Monad, until it should arrive at the sacred Tetrad’ and this gives birth to the Decad which is ‘the Mother of all things’. The father of the Golden Verses also glorifies the Tetrad calling it ‘the fountain of ever-flowing Nature’. For the cosmos was ordered (kosmein) by the Tetrad, which proceeded from the Monad and the Triad, and it is completed at the Decad in as much as this is inclusive of all things… the decad is the number of the world…the Pythagoreans consider the decad as adapted to the Demiurgus, and to Fate.”
(Proklos, commentary to the Timaeus, III, 53; p.109, 420)
(Zeus is seated to right on an elaborate throne, with animal paw feet and carved supports in the forms of a sphinx and a hare. Zeus wears sandals, a chiton, and a himation, and like the other males on the vase, He has long flowing hair. He holds a spear vertically in His left hand. At right, Hermes walks away from Zeus but twists around to look at Him and gesture toward Him with His right hand; the hand overlaps a fox, which hangs from the bud frieze above. To the left of Zeus stands Poseidon, identified by the trident in His left hand and the fish in His right. He wears a fillet, chiton, and himation. Behind Him, a hare hangs from the bud frieze above. From Attica, ca. 550 BC - ca. 530 BC. now in the Harvard University Art Museums…)